The poverty-stricken population in the ethnic minority areas

     2019-09-23    views
Lanzhou, September 23 (Reporter Nanru Zhuoma) The 12th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress of Gansu Province heard the research team of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress on the 23rd of the province's "two counties and one county" Research report on the situation. According to the report, as of the end of 2018, among the 17 counties and cities of “two counties and one county”, 7 counties (cities) in Gannan and Linxia have been out of poverty, 452 poverty-stricken villages have been withdrawn, and there are still 623 villages in 10 counties with a total of 43,600. The 188,300 people were not out of poverty, and the incidence of poverty was 7.4%, which was 1.8 percentage points higher than the province.
 
Gansu “two counties and one county” refers to Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture and Tianzhu Tibetan Autonomous County. It contains 17 counties and cities and is a nationally-supported “three districts and three states” with deep poverty.
In recent years, Gansu has adhered to local conditions and demonstrated its characteristics, and promoted “tourism and poverty alleviation” to help farmers increase their income. The picture shows the beautiful countryside of Gannan Prefecture in Gansu Province, attracting tourists to enjoy the scenery. (Infographic) Ai Qinglong Photo
In recent years, Gansu has adhered to local conditions and demonstrated its characteristics, and promoted “tourism and poverty alleviation” to help farmers increase their income. The picture shows the beautiful countryside of Gannan Prefecture in Gansu Province, attracting tourists to enjoy the scenery. (Infographic) Ai Qinglong Photo
From June to August 2019, the Standing Committee of the People's Congress of Gansu Province formed a research group, and went to Linxiang County, Jishishan County, Kangle County, Gannan County, Lintan County, Zhouqu County, and Tianzhu County of Wuwei City to observe poverty. The progress of village industry cultivation, drinking water safety, dilapidated house renovation, ex situ land relocation, poverty alleviation workshops, etc., visited some special hardship groups such as file-building households, non-filed cardholders and disabled families.
 
The research team also listened to the opinions of the provincial government and the provincial departments such as poverty alleviation, education, health care, medical insurance, housing construction, water conservancy, civil affairs, public security, and the Disabled Persons' Federation, and held discussions with the "two counties and one county" government and relevant departments.
 
Lu Hongzhi, deputy head of the research group of the Standing Committee of the People's Congress of Gansu Province, reported that the province's plan for poverty alleviation in the "two states and one county" was to achieve poverty alleviation in the five counties of Linhe, Guanghe, Hezheng, Kangle, Yongjing and Jishishan. With the cap removed, 335 poor villages withdrew, and the two counties of Dongxiang and Linxia, ​​where the poverty alleviation task was heavier, were withdrawn from the cap in 2020. Gannan Prefecture Lintan, Zhouqu 2 County and Wuwei City Tianzhu County were out of poverty in 2019.
 
According to the report, Gansu has done everything possible to strengthen the financing for poverty alleviation and insist on the new poverty-stricken funds to tilt towards deep poverty-stricken areas. In 2018, the “two counties and one county” involved agriculture funds of 4.57 billion yuan. This year, the agriculture-related funds have been consolidated 61.6. 100 million yuan. At the same time, we will continue to promote the cultivation of characteristic and advantageous breeding industries. This year we will focus on supporting high-quality barley, plateau summer vegetables, Chinese and Tibetan medicines, beef cattle, meat sheep and yak, benefiting 537,200 people from poverty.
 
In the aspect of education poverty alleviation, 858 outstanding teachers were selected to teach in poverty-stricken areas, 6634 full-time teachers were trained, 1,160 rural primary and secondary school teachers were recruited, and 543 rural primary and middle school warm-up projects in remote and poverty-stricken areas were implemented. Linxia Prefecture investigates and persuades students who have lost their jobs, and improves the four-level seniors system in counties and counties, and implements the “combination of occupational and general education” for older students. In Gannan Prefecture, 5,624 students were dismissed and persuaded, and the consolidation rate of compulsory education reached 98.23%.
 
According to the report, the remaining poor people in “two counties and one county” in Gansu are mainly concentrated in Linxia Prefecture, with 163,800 people without poverty alleviation, accounting for 87% of the remaining poor people in “two counties and one county”, and the incidence of poverty is 8.97%, and most of these people It is concentrated in the deep and impoverished villages in the arid mountainous areas and the cold and humid areas. Among them, 37.7% are poor due to the cause of illness, which is the key and difficult point of poverty alleviation.
 
Lu Hongzhi said that Gansu's "two counties and one county" have a heavy task of stabilizing poverty alleviation. Some projects have been implemented slowly. The problem of consolidating and improving education poverty alleviation is still outstanding. The support system for health poverty alleviation is relatively weak. The weak link to ensure safe drinking water is still obvious. Supporting the continuous increase in revenue is very difficult.